Posted By: Anonymous
Can two applications on the same machine bind to the same port and IP address? Taking it a step further, can one app listen to requests coming from a certain IP and the other to another remote IP?
I know I can have one application that starts off two threads (or forks) to have similar behavior, but can two applications that have nothing in common do the same?
The answer differs depending on what OS is being considered. In general though:
For TCP, no. You can only have one application listening on the same port at one time. Now if you had 2 network cards, you could have one application listen on the first IP and the second one on the second IP using the same port number.
For UDP (Multicasts), multiple applications can subscribe to the same port.
Edit: Since Linux Kernel 3.9 and later, support for multiple applications listening to the same port was added using the
SO_REUSEPORT option. More information is available at this lwn.net article.