Posted By: Anonymous
I’ve got this very simple thing that just outputs some stuff in CSV format, but it’s got to be UTF-8. I open this file in TextEdit or TextMate or Dreamweaver and it displays UTF-8 characters properly, but if I open it in Excel it’s doing this silly íÄ kind of thing instead. Here’s what I’ve got at the head of my document:
To quote a Microsoft support engineer,
Excel for Mac does not currently support UTF-8
Update, 2017: This is true of all versions of Microsoft Excel for Mac before Office 2016. Newer versions (from Office 365) do now support UTF-8.
In order to output UTF-8 content that Excel both on Windows and OS X will be able to successfully read, you will need to do two things:
Make sure that you convert your UTF-8 CSV text to UTF-16LE
mb_convert_encoding($csv, 'UTF-16LE', 'UTF-8');
Make sure that you add the UTF-16LE byte order mark to the start of the file
chr(255) . chr(254)
The next problem that appears only with Excel on OS X (but not Windows) will be when viewing a CSV file with comma separated values, Excel will render rows only with one row and all of the text along with the commas in the first row.
The way to avoid this is to use tabs as your separated value.
I used this function from the PHP comments (using tabs "t" instead of commas) and it worked perfectly on OS X and Windows Excel.
Note that to fix an issue with an empty column as the end of a row, that I did have to change the line of code that says:
$field_cnt = count($fields);
$field_cnt = count($fields)-1;
As some of the other comments on this page say, other spreadsheet apps like OpenOffice Calc, Apple's own Numbers and Google Doc's Spreadsheet have no issues with UTF-8 files with commas.
See the table in this question for what works and doesn't work for Unicode CSV files in Excel
LeagueCsvwith this method of creating CSV files, check out this example
Answered By: Anonymous