Posted By: Anonymous
I have installed mySQL on a Centos7 vm but I have problems logging in with root. I tried logging in without password or tried any default ones (like mysql, admin etc) I looked in the my.cnf file and there’s no password. I tried changing the password by stopping the service and restarting it with
mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables & but I get that
mysqld_safe:command not found
I have no idea what else to do. Any tips/ideas would be greatly appreciated!
What version of mySQL are you using? I”m using 5.7.10 and had the same problem with logging on as root
There is 2 issues – why can’t I log in as root to start with, and why can I not use ‘mysqld_safe` to start mySQL to reset the root password.
I have no answer to setting up the root password during installation, but here’s what you do to reset the root password
Edit the initial root password on install can be found by running
grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log
systemdis now used to look after mySQL instead of
mysqld_safe(which is why you get the
-bash: mysqld_safe: command not founderror – it’s not installed)
usertable structure has changed.
So to reset the root password, you still start mySQL with
--skip-grant-tables options and update the
user table, but how you do it has changed.
1. Stop mysql: systemctl stop mysqld 2. Set the mySQL environment option systemctl set-environment MYSQLD_OPTS="--skip-grant-tables" 3. Start mysql usig the options you just set systemctl start mysqld 4. Login as root mysql -u root 5. Update the root user password with these mysql commands mysql> UPDATE mysql.user SET authentication_string = PASSWORD('MyNewPassword') -> WHERE User = 'root' AND Host = 'localhost'; mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES; mysql> quit *** Edit *** As mentioned my shokulei in the comments, for 5.7.6 and later, you should use mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MyNewPass'; Or you'll get a warning 6. Stop mysql systemctl stop mysqld 7. Unset the mySQL envitroment option so it starts normally next time systemctl unset-environment MYSQLD_OPTS 8. Start mysql normally: systemctl start mysqld Try to login using your new password: 7. mysql -u root -p
As it says at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/mysqld-safe.html,
As of MySQL 5.7.6, for MySQL installation using an RPM
distribution, server startup and shutdown is managed by systemd on
several Linux platforms. On these platforms, mysqld_safe is no longer
installed because it is unnecessary. For more information, see Section
2.5.10, “Managing MySQL Server with systemd”.
Which takes you to http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/server-management-using-systemd.html where it mentions the
systemctl set-environment MYSQLD_OPTS= towards the bottom of the page.
The password reset commands are at the bottom of http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/resetting-permissions.html