Posted By: Anonymous
How do I search and replace text in a file using Python 3?
Here is my code:
import os import sys import fileinput print ("Text to search for:") textToSearch = input( "> " ) print ("Text to replace it with:") textToReplace = input( "> " ) print ("File to perform Search-Replace on:") fileToSearch = input( "> " ) #fileToSearch = 'D:dummy1.txt' tempFile = open( fileToSearch, 'r+' ) for line in fileinput.input( fileToSearch ): if textToSearch in line : print('Match Found') else: print('Match Not Found!!') tempFile.write( line.replace( textToSearch, textToReplace ) ) tempFile.close() input( 'nn Press Enter to exit...' )
hi this is abcd hi this is abcd This is dummy text file. This is how search and replace works abcd
When I search and replace ‘ram’ by ‘abcd’ in above input file, it works as a charm. But when I do it vice-versa i.e. replacing ‘abcd’ by ‘ram’, some junk characters are left at the end.
Replacing ‘abcd’ by ‘ram’
hi this is ram hi this is ram This is dummy text file. This is how search and replace works rambcd
fileinput already supports inplace editing. It redirects
stdout to the file in this case:
#!/usr/bin/env python3 import fileinput with fileinput.FileInput(filename, inplace=True, backup='.bak') as file: for line in file: print(line.replace(text_to_search, replacement_text), end='')