# Java 8: Difference between two LocalDateTime in multiple units

###### Posted By: Anonymous

I am trying to calculate the difference between two `LocalDateTime`

.

The output needs to be of the format `y years m months d days h hours m minutes s seconds`

. Here is what I have written:

```
import java.time.Duration;
import java.time.Instant;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.Period;
import java.time.ZoneId;
public class Main {
static final int MINUTES_PER_HOUR = 60;
static final int SECONDS_PER_MINUTE = 60;
static final int SECONDS_PER_HOUR = SECONDS_PER_MINUTE * MINUTES_PER_HOUR;
public static void main(String[] args) {
LocalDateTime toDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(2014, 9, 9, 19, 46, 45);
LocalDateTime fromDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(1984, 12, 16, 7, 45, 55);
Period period = getPeriod(fromDateTime, toDateTime);
long time[] = getTime(fromDateTime, toDateTime);
System.out.println(period.getYears() + " years " +
period.getMonths() + " months " +
period.getDays() + " days " +
time[0] + " hours " +
time[1] + " minutes " +
time[2] + " seconds.");
}
private static Period getPeriod(LocalDateTime dob, LocalDateTime now) {
return Period.between(dob.toLocalDate(), now.toLocalDate());
}
private static long[] getTime(LocalDateTime dob, LocalDateTime now) {
LocalDateTime today = LocalDateTime.of(now.getYear(),
now.getMonthValue(), now.getDayOfMonth(), dob.getHour(), dob.getMinute(), dob.getSecond());
Duration duration = Duration.between(today, now);
long seconds = duration.getSeconds();
long hours = seconds / SECONDS_PER_HOUR;
long minutes = ((seconds % SECONDS_PER_HOUR) / SECONDS_PER_MINUTE);
long secs = (seconds % SECONDS_PER_MINUTE);
return new long[]{hours, minutes, secs};
}
}
```

The output that I am getting is `29 years 8 months 24 days 12 hours 0 minutes 50 seconds`

. I have checked my result from this website (with values `12/16/1984 07:45:55`

and `09/09/2014 19:46:45`

). The following screenshot shows the output:

I am pretty sure that the fields after the month value is coming wrong from my code. Any suggestion would be very helpful.

## Update

I have tested my result from another website and the result I got is different. Here it is: Calculate duration between two dates (result: 29 years, 8 months, 24 days, 12 hours, 0 minutes and 50 seconds).

## Update

Since I got two different results from two different sites, I am wondering if the algorithm of my calculation is legitimate or not. If I use following two `LocalDateTime`

objects:

```
LocalDateTime toDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(2014, 9, 10, 6, 40, 45);
LocalDateTime fromDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(1984, 12, 16, 7, 45, 55);
```

Then the output is coming: `29 years 8 months 25 days -1 hours -5 minutes -10 seconds.`

From this link it should be `29 years 8 months 24 days 22 hours, 54 minutes and 50 seconds`

. So the algorithm needs to handle the negative numbers too.

**Note the question is not about which site gave me what result, I need to know the right algorithm and need to have right results.**

## Solution

Unfortunately, there doesn’t seem to be a period class that spans time as well, so you might have to do the calculations on your own.

Fortunately, the date and time classes have a lot of utility methods that simplify that to some degree. Here’s a way to calculate the difference although not necessarily the fastest:

```
LocalDateTime fromDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(1984, 12, 16, 7, 45, 55);
LocalDateTime toDateTime = LocalDateTime.of(2014, 9, 10, 6, 40, 45);
LocalDateTime tempDateTime = LocalDateTime.from( fromDateTime );
long years = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.YEARS );
tempDateTime = tempDateTime.plusYears( years );
long months = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.MONTHS );
tempDateTime = tempDateTime.plusMonths( months );
long days = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.DAYS );
tempDateTime = tempDateTime.plusDays( days );
long hours = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.HOURS );
tempDateTime = tempDateTime.plusHours( hours );
long minutes = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.MINUTES );
tempDateTime = tempDateTime.plusMinutes( minutes );
long seconds = tempDateTime.until( toDateTime, ChronoUnit.SECONDS );
System.out.println( years + " years " +
months + " months " +
days + " days " +
hours + " hours " +
minutes + " minutes " +
seconds + " seconds.");
//prints: 29 years 8 months 24 days 22 hours 54 minutes 50 seconds.
```

The basic idea is this: create a temporary start date and get the full years to the end. Then adjust that date by the number of years so that the start date is less then a year from the end. Repeat that for each time unit in descending order.

*Finally a disclaimer*: I didn’t take different timezones into account (both dates should be in the same timezone) and I also didn’t test/check how daylight saving time or other changes in a calendar (like the timezone changes in Samoa) affect this calculation. So use with care.

###### Answered By: Anonymous

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