Posted By: Anonymous
I am getting the following error from Apache
[Sat Mar 19 23:10:50 2011] [warn] mod_fcgid: stderr: PHP Fatal error: require_once() [function.require]: Failed opening required ‘/common/configs/config_templates.inc.php’ (include_path=’.:/usr/share/pear:/usr/share/php’) in /home/viapics1/public_html/common/configs/config.inc.php on line 158
I am definately not an expert of Apache but the file config.inc.php & config_templates.inc.php are there. I also tried navigating to a test.html page I placed in common/configs/ so I assume there is no rights issues going on. I also set the rights on config_templates.inc.php to give everyone read, write, and execute rights. Not sure what to do at this point, I checked to see if there was a /usr/share/php directory and I found there was not but when I did yum install php it said it had the latest. Ideas?
It’s not actually an Apache related question. Nor even a PHP related one.
To understand this error you have to distinguish a path on the virtual server from a path in the filesystem.
require operator works with files. But a path like this
only exists on the virtual HTTP server, while there is no such path in the filesystem. The correct filesystem path would be
part is called the Document root and it connects the virtual world with the real one. Luckily, web-servers usually have the document root in a configuration variable that they share with PHP. So if you change your code to something like this
it will work from any file placed in any directory!
Update: eventually I wrote an article that explains the difference between relative and absolute paths, in the file system and on the web server, which explains the matter in detail, and contains some practical solutions. Like, such a handy variable doesn’t exist when you run your script from a command line. In this case a technique called "a single entry point" is to the rescue. You may refer to the article above for the details as well.