# Standardize data columns in R

###### Posted By: Anonymous

I have a dataset called `spam`

which contains 58 columns and approximately 3500 rows of data related to spam messages.

I plan on running some linear regression on this dataset in the future, but I’d like to do some pre-processing beforehand and standardize the columns to have zero mean and unit variance.

I’ve been told the best way to go about this is with R, so I’d like to ask **how can i achieve normalization with R**? I’ve already got the data properly loaded and I’m just looking for some packages or methods to perform this task.

## Solution

I have to assume you meant to say that you wanted a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1. If your data is in a dataframe and all the columns are numeric you can simply call the `scale`

function on the data to do what you want.

```
dat <- data.frame(x = rnorm(10, 30, .2), y = runif(10, 3, 5))
scaled.dat <- scale(dat)
# check that we get mean of 0 and sd of 1
colMeans(scaled.dat) # faster version of apply(scaled.dat, 2, mean)
apply(scaled.dat, 2, sd)
```

Using built in functions is classy. Like this cat:

###### Answered By: Anonymous

Disclaimer: This content is shared under creative common license cc-by-sa 3.0. It is generated from StackExchange Website Network.