# Testing whether a value is odd or even

###### Posted By: Anonymous

I decided to create simple *isEven* and *isOdd* function with a very simple algorithm:

```
function isEven(n) {
n = Number(n);
return n === 0 || !!(n && !(n%2));
}
function isOdd(n) {
return isEven(Number(n) + 1);
}
```

That is OK if n is with certain parameters, but fails for many scenarios. So I set out to create robust functions that deliver correct results for as many scenarios as I could, so that only integers within the limits of javascript numbers are tested, everything else returns false (including + and – infinity). Note that zero is even.

```
// Returns true if:
//
// n is an integer that is evenly divisible by 2
//
// Zero (+/-0) is even
// Returns false if n is not an integer, not even or NaN
// Guard against empty string
(function (global) {
function basicTests(n) {
// Deal with empty string
if (n === '')
return false;
// Convert n to Number (may set to NaN)
n = Number(n);
// Deal with NaN
if (isNaN(n))
return false;
// Deal with infinity -
if (n === Number.NEGATIVE_INFINITY || n === Number.POSITIVE_INFINITY)
return false;
// Return n as a number
return n;
}
function isEven(n) {
// Do basic tests
if (basicTests(n) === false)
return false;
// Convert to Number and proceed
n = Number(n);
// Return true/false
return n === 0 || !!(n && !(n%2));
}
global.isEven = isEven;
// Returns true if n is an integer and (n+1) is even
// Returns false if n is not an integer or (n+1) is not even
// Empty string evaluates to zero so returns false (zero is even)
function isOdd(n) {
// Do basic tests
if (basicTests(n) === false)
return false;
// Return true/false
return n === 0 || !!(n && (n%2));
}
global.isOdd = isOdd;
}(this));
```

Can anyone see any issues with the above? Is there a better (i.e. more accurate, faster or more concise without being obfuscated) version?

There are various posts relating to other languages, but I can’t seem to find a definitive version for ECMAScript.

## Solution

Use modulus:

```
function isEven(n) {
return n % 2 == 0;
}
function isOdd(n) {
return Math.abs(n % 2) == 1;
}
```

You can check that any value in Javascript can be coerced to a number with:

```
Number.isFinite(parseFloat(n))
```

This check should preferably be done outside the `isEven`

and `isOdd`

functions, so you don’t have to duplicate error handling in both functions.

###### Answered By: Anonymous

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