Posted By: Anonymous
I am self teaching myself python 2.7. I have some experience in using BATCH, which has a GOTO statement. How do I do that in python? For example, suppose I want to jump from line 5 to line 18.
I realize there have been previous questions regarding this topic, but I have not found them sufficiently informative or, are too high level in python for my current understanding.
Gotos are universally reviled in computer science and programming as they lead to very unstructured code.
Python (like almost every programming language today) supports structured programming which controls flow using if/then/else, loop and subroutines.
The key to thinking in a structured way is to understand how and why you are branching on code.
For example, lets pretend Python had a
goto and corresponding
label statement shudder. Look at the following code. In it if a number is greater than or equal to 0 we print if it
number = input() if number < 0: goto negative if number % 2 == 0: print "even" else: print "odd" goto end label: negative print "negative" label: end print "all done"
If we want to know when a piece of code is executed, we need to carefully traceback in the program, and examine how a label was arrived at – which is something that can’t really be done.
For example, we can rewrite the above as:
number = input() goto check label: negative print "negative" goto end label: check if number < 0: goto negative if number % 2 == 0: print "even" else: print "odd" goto end label: end print "all done"
Here, there are two possible ways to arrive at the “end”, and we can’t know which one was chosen. As programs get large this kind of problem gets worse and results in spaghetti code
In comparison, below is how you would write this program in Python:
number = input() if number >= 0: if number % 2 == 0: print "even" else: print "odd" else: print "negative" print "all done"
I can look at a particular line of code, and know under what conditions it is met by tracing back the tree of
if/then/else blocks it is in. For example, I know that the line
print "odd" will be run when a
((number >= 0) == True) and ((number % 2 == 0) == False).